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Anatomical and Functional Results After Arthroscopic Hill-Sachs Remplissage
Pascal Boileau, MD1; Kieran O'Shea, MD1; Pablo Vargas, MD1; Miguel Pinedo, MD1; Jason Old, FRCSC1; Matthias Zumstein, MD1
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Traumatology, Hôpital de L'Archet-University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 151, Route de St Antoine de Ginestière, 06202 Nice, France. E-mail address for P. Boileau: boileau.p@chu-nice.fr
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Traumatology, L'Archet Hospital II, University of Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France



Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2012 Apr 04;94(7):618-626. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00101
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Abstract

Background: 

Large osseous defects of the posterosuperior aspect of the humeral head can engage the glenoid rim and cause recurrent instability after arthroscopic Bankart repair for glenohumeral dislocation. Filling of the humeral head defect with the posterior aspect of the capsule and the infraspinatus tendon (i.e., Hill-Sachs remplissage) has recently been proposed as an additional arthroscopic procedure. Our hypothesis is that the capsulotenodesis heals in the humeral bone defect without a severe adverse effect on shoulder mobility, allowing return to preinjury sports activity.

Methods: 

Of 459 patients operated on for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability, forty-seven (10.2%) underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with Hill-Sachs remplissage with use of suture anchors. All had a large Hill-Sachs lesion (Calandra grade III), engaging over the glenoid rim, without substantial glenoid bone loss. Nine patients had had prior unsuccessful surgery to address glenohumeral instability (three Bankart and six Bristow-Latarjet procedures). The average age at the time of surgery (and standard deviation) was 29 ± 5.4 years. Postoperatively, comparative shoulder motion was precisely measured with use of digital photographic images. Capsulotenodesis healing was assessed on a computed tomography (CT) arthrogram (n = 38) or magnetic resonance image (MRI) (n = 4). The mean duration of follow-up was twenty-four months.

Results: 

Healing of the posterior aspect of the capsule and the infraspinatus tendon into the humeral defect was observed in all forty-two patients who underwent postoperative imaging, and thirty-one (74%) had a remplissage of ≥75%. Compared with the normal (contralateral) side, the mean deficit in external rotation was 8° ± 7° with the arm at the side of the trunk and 9° ± 7° in abduction at the time of the last follow-up. Of forty-one patients involved in sports, thirty-seven (90%) were able to return postoperatively and twenty-eight (68%) returned to the same level of sports, including those involving overhead activities. Ninety-eight percent (forty-six) of the forty-seven patients had a stable shoulder at the time of the last follow-up.

Conclusions: 

Arthroscopic Hill-Sachs remplissage, performed in combination with a Bankart repair, is a potential solution for patients with a large engaging humeral head bone defect but no substantial glenoid bone loss. The posterior capsulotenodesis heals predictably in the humeral defect. The slight restriction in external rotation (approximately 10°) does not significantly affect return to sports, including those involving overhead activities. The procedure, which may also be useful for revision of previous failed glenohumeral instability surgery, is not indicated for patients with glenoid bone deficiency.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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