Traditional extensive soft-tissue release for the treatment of congenital vertical talus is associated with a myriad of complications. A minimally invasive approach has recently been introduced with good short-term results in patients with isolated vertical talus. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this approach for the treatment of rigid vertical talus associated with neuromuscular and/or genetic syndromes.Methods:
Fifteen consecutive patients (twenty-five feet) with non-isolated congenital vertical talus were retrospectively reviewed at a minimum of two years following treatment with serial casting followed by limited surgery. The surgery consisted of percutaneous Achilles tenotomy in all feet and either pin fixation of the talonavicular joint through a small medial incision to ensure joint reduction and accurate pin placement (five feet) or selective capsulotomies of the talonavicular joint and the anterior aspect of the subtalar joint (twenty feet). Patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically at the time of presentation, immediately postoperatively, and at the time of the latest follow-up. Radiographic data at the time of the latest follow-up were compared with age-matched normative values.Results:
Initial correction was obtained in all cases. The mean number of casts required was five. Mean ankle dorsiflexion was 22° and mean plantar flexion was 25° at the time of the latest follow-up. Recurrence was noted in three patients (five feet), all of whom had had initial subluxation of the calcaneocuboid joint. All radiographic parameters measured at the time of the latest follow-up had improved significantly (p < 0.0001) compared with the values before treatment, and the mean values of the measured angles did not differ significantly from age-matched normal values.Conclusions:
Serial manipulation and casting followed by limited surgery, consisting of percutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon and a small medial incision to either palpate the talonavicular joint or perform capsulotomies of the talonavicular joint and the anterior aspect of the subtalar joint to ensure accurate reduction and pin fixation, result in excellent short-term correction of the deformity while preserving subtalar and ankle motion in patients with rigid congenital vertical talus associated with neuromuscular and/or genetic syndromes.Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.