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Poor Mid-Term Survival of the Low-Carbide Metal-on-Metal Zweymüller-Plus Total Hip Arthroplasty SystemA Concise Follow-up, at a Minimum of Ten Years, of a Previous Report*
Thomas Repantis, MD, PhD1; Vasilis Vitsas, MD1; Panagiotis Korovessis, MD, PhD1
1 Orthopaedic Department, General Hospital “Agios Andreas,” 1 Tsertidou Street, GR-26224 Patras, Greece. E-mail address for P. Korovessis: korovess@otenet.gr
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Original Publications Korovessis P, Petsinis G, Repanti M, Repantis T. Metallosis after contemporary metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. Five to nine-year follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Jun;88(6):1183-91.

Investigation performed at the Orthopaedic Department, General Hospital “Agios Andreas,” Patras, Greece

Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. None of the authors, or their institution(s), have had any financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with any entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. Also, no author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2013 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2013 Mar 20;95(6):e33 1-4. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00031
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Between 1994 and 1999, 217 metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties with a low-carbide bearing surface were performed with use of the cementless Zweymüller SL-Plus stem and the Bicon-Plus threaded cup in 194 consecutive patients. After a minimum follow-up of ten years, 181 living patients (203 hips) were available for evaluation. The revision rate after an average of twelve years was 18% (thirty-six hips in thirty-six patients were revised). The main reason for revision was aseptic loosening of one or both components. The probability of survival of the stem at fifteen years was 77% (95% confidence interval [CI], 65% to 86%). The probability of survival of the cup was 80% (95% CI, 62% to 90%). These high failure rates at mid-term follow-up led us to abandon the use of low-carbide metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty components.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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