Abstract: The purpose of this study was to update the results of a prospective series of primary cementless total hip arthroplasties after a minimum of fifteen years of follow-up. It is one of the first studies of cementless total hip arthroplasties followed for a minimum of fifteen years.
One hundred consecutive Porous Coated Anatomic (PCA) total hip replacements were implanted between October 1983 and January 1986. Fifty-five patients (sixty-four hips) that were alive at a minimum of fifteen years postoperatively are the focus of the present study. At this time of follow-up, at an average of 15.6 years (range, fifteen to seventeen years) after the total hip arthroplasty, 17% (seventeen hips) of the entire cohort and 23% (fifteen hips) of the living cohort had undergone revision because of loosening of the acetabular component or osteolysis. Seven percent (seven hips) of the entire cohort and 6% (four hips) of the living cohort had undergone revision for loosening of the femoral component or osteolysis. Only four femoral stems had been revised for isolated loosening (without osteolysis).
The PCA femoral component proved to be durable at a minimum of fifteen years postoperatively, while the acetabular component was less durable.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic study, Level IV (case series [no, or historical, control group]). See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.