Scientific Articles   |    
Surgical Treatment of Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Hip
Laurent Vastel, MD1; Patrick Lambert, MD1; Gonzague De Pinieux, MD1; Olivier Charrois, MD1; Marcel Kerboull, MD1; Jean-Pierre Courpied, MD1
1 Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (L.V., P.L., O.C., M.K., and J.-P.C.) and Pathology (G.DeP.), Cochin-St. Vincent de Paul Hospital, Paris V University, Pavillon Ollier, 27 rue du Faubourg St. Jacques, 75014 Paris, France. E-mail address for L. Vastel: laurent.vastel@cch.ap-hop-paris.fr
View Disclosures and Other Information
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at Cochin University Hospital, Paris, France

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2005 May 01;87(5):1019-1024. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.C.01297
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Background: Pigmented villonodular synovitis of the hip is a rare disease. Synovectomy is generally accepted as the only surgical treatment for the disorder, but there have been few studies with a sufficient sample size and duration of follow-up to allow the evaluation of long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcome of the treatment in sixteen patients.

Methods: Sixteen patients (nine men and seven women), with a mean age of 35.5 years at the time of surgery, were treated between 1970 and 1996. Complete synovectomy was performed in all patients; in addition, three had a cup arthroplasty, four had a total hip arthroplasty, and one had a monopolar arthroplasty. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated retrospectively at a mean of 16.7 years postoperatively. Only one patient was followed for less than eight years.

Results: Nine patients needed repeat surgery, but only one had recurrent synovitis, as detected with pathological examination fourteen years after treatment with synovectomy and cup arthroplasty. Secondary osteoarthritis developed in all eight patients who had been treated with synovectomy alone, and four of them required a total hip arthroplasty within the follow-up period.

Conclusions: These results support earlier data indicating that osteoarthritis consistently develops in patients with pigmented villonodular synovitis of the hip. Complete synovectomy seems to be effective in preventing recurrence of the synovitis, but it does not appear to prevent the development of secondary osteoarthritis.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    California - Mercy Medical Group
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center