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Validation of the Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE) for Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy
Jon R. Davids, MD1; Laura C. Peace, OTR/L1; Lisa V. Wagner, OTR/L1; Mary Ann Gidewall, OTR/L1; Dawn W. Blackhurst, DrPH2; W. Matthew Roberson, MD1
1 Shriners Hospital for Children, 950 West Faris Road, Greenville, SC 29605. E-mail address for J.R. Davids: jdavids@shrinenet.org
2 Department of Biomedical Research, Greenville Hospital System, 701 Grove Road, Greenville, SC 29605
View Disclosures and Other Information
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at the Shriners Hospital for Children, Greenville, South Carolina

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2006 Feb 01;88(2):326-333. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.00298
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Abstract

Background: The Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation (SHUEE) is a video-based tool for the assessment of upper extremity function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. This tool includes spontaneous functional analysis and dynamic positional analysis and assesses the ability to perform grasp and release. The purpose of the present study was to assess the reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity of this instrument.

Methods: The Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation studies for eleven subjects with hemiplegic cerebral palsy were selected for the evaluation of intraobserver and interobserver reliability. Concurrent validity was determined through analysis of the Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, and Jebson-Taylor Test of Hand Function scores for twenty children. Construct validity was determined through analysis of Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation scores for eighteen children before and after flexor carpi ulnaris to extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon transfer.

Results: The absolute mean differences between the two scoring sessions for three raters were 1.2 and 1.0 for the spontaneous functional analysis and the dynamic positional analysis, respectively. Although the mean differences were significantly different from 0 (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003), the differences were small and not clinically important with regard to the total possible score. There was excellent intraobserver reliability between the two sessions with regard to both spontaneous functional analysis (r = 0.99) and dynamic positional analysis (r = 0.98). Assessment of interobserver reliability revealed absolute mean differences between four raters of 3.8 and 3.7 for the spontaneous functional analysis and the dynamic positional analysis, respectively. These differences were significantly different from 0 (p < 0.001); however, the magnitudes of these differences were not important with regard to total score or clinical interpretation. There was excellent interobserver reliability for both the spontaneous functional analysis (r = 0.90) and the dynamic positional analysis (r = 0.89). There was 100% agreement within and between examiners for the grasp-and-release section. The Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation showed fair correlation with the self-care scaled score from the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (r = 0.47) and good inverse correlation with the non-dominant total time section of the Jebson-Taylor test (r = -0.76). The Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation wrist score improved for all eighteen subjects after the flexor tendon transfer, and the mean improvement was significant (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The present study establishes the clinical reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity of the Shriners Hospital for Children Upper Extremity Evaluation for the assessment of upper extremity function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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