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Porous-Ingrowth Revision Acetabular Implants Secured with Peripheral ScrewsA Minimum Twelve-Year Follow-up
Steven H. Weeden, MD1; Wayne G. Paprosky, MD2
1 Texas Hip and Knee Center Adult Reconstruction Fellowship Program, 750 Eighth Street, Suite 400, Fort Worth, TX 76104. E-mail address: steveweeden@hotmail.com
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 25 North Winfield Road, Chicago, IL 60190
View Disclosures and Other Information
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at the Rush Medical College and the Central DuPage Hospital Adult Reconstruction Fellowship Program, Chicago, Illinois

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2006 Jun 01;88(6):1266-1271. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.00540
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Abstract

Background: During revision total hip arthroplasty, the acetabular component is often secured with screws to ensure initial press-fit stability. The purpose of the present study was to assess a series of acetabular revisions involving the use of a porous-coated acetabular component that was stabilized with peripheral screws and to evaluate the results in relation to the acetabular bone deficiencies that were present at the time of the revision procedure.

Methods: From 1987 to 1991, 203 consecutive acetabular revisions were performed. In 142 hips, a severe acetabular bone deficiency that did not require an allograft was reconstructed with a porous-coated acetabular cup that was secured with a minimum of two peripheral screws. After an average duration of follow-up of 13.2 years, 134 hips were reviewed clinically and radiographically. The procedure was considered to be a clinical failure if the component was revised or if the postoperative clinical scores were poorer than the preoperative scores.

Results: At the time of the most recent follow-up, 127 (95%) of the 134 hips were stable and clinically successful. The other seven hips (5%) were considered to have failed. Five of these seven hips failed because of an infection, and two failed because of aseptic loosening. Five (19%) of the twenty-seven hips with a Paprosky type-3A defect (a defect in which 30% to 50% of the host acetabulum is missing) failed.

Conclusions: Revision total hip arthroplasty with use of a porous-coated acetabular component that is fixed with peripheral screws can provide long-term durability in hips with severe acetabular defects that do not require the use of an allograft (Paprosky type-1 and type-2 defects). We recommend that when an acetabular implant with peripheral screws is used for the treatment of a more severe (type-3) defect, the cup should be augmented with structural allograft to improve initial stability, or other implants should be utilized.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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