0
Scientific Articles   |    
Transphyseal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Skeletally Immature Pubescent Adolescents
Mininder S. Kocher, MD, MPH1; Jeremy T. Smith, MD1; Bojan J. Zoric, MD1; Ben Lee, BA1; Lyle J. Micheli, MD1
1 Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. E-mail address for M.S. Kocher: mininder.kocher@childrens.harvard.edu
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors, or a member of their immediate families, are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at the Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2007 Dec 01;89(12):2632-2639. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.F.01560
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: Management of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in skeletally immature patients is controversial. Conventional surgical reconstruction techniques for adults can cause iatrogenic growth disturbance due to physeal damage in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a transphyseal reconstruction technique in pubescent but skeletally immature adolescents.

Methods: Between 1996 and 2004, sixty-one knees in fifty-nine skeletally immature pubescent adolescents (Tanner stage 3) with a mean chronological age of 14.7 years (range, 11.6 to 16.9 years) underwent transphyseal reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with use of an autogenous quadrupled hamstrings-tendon graft and metaphyseal fixation. Thirty-one knees had additional meniscal surgery. The functional outcome, graft survival, radiographic outcome, and any growth disturbance were evaluated at a mean of 3.6 years (range, 2.0 to 10.2 years) after the surgery.

Results: Two patients (3%) underwent revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction because of graft failure at fourteen and twenty-one months postoperatively. For the remaining fifty-nine knees, the mean International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee score (and standard deviation) was 89.5 ± 10.2 points and the mean Lysholm knee score was 91.2 ± 10.7 points. The result of the Lachman examination was normal in fifty-one knees and nearly normal in eight; it was not abnormal or severely abnormal in any knee. The result of the pivot-shift examination was normal in fifty-six knees and nearly normal in three knees; it also was not abnormal or severely abnormal in any knee. The mean increase in total height was 8.2 cm (range, 1.2 to 25.4 cm) from the time of surgery to the time of final follow-up. No angular deformities of the lower extremity were measured radiographically, and no lower-extremity length discrepancies were measured clinically. Complications included three cases of arthrofibrosis requiring manipulation with the patient under anesthesia.

Conclusions: Transphyseal reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with use of an autogenous quadrupled hamstrings-tendon graft with metaphyseal fixation in skeletally immature pubescent adolescents provides an excellent functional outcome with a low revision rate and a minimal risk of growth disturbance.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    02/28/2014
    District of Columbia (DC) - Children's National Medical Center
    12/04/2013
    New York - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    12/31/2013
    S. Carolina - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
    04/02/2014
    W. Virginia - Charleston Area Medical Center