Abstract: We previously reported our results at a minimum of three years after thirty-five revisions of total hip arthroplasty acetabular components in twenty-eight patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The revisions were performed with use of impacted morselized bone graft and a cemented cup. This update report presents the results at eight to nineteen years after the surgery, which, to our knowledge, is the longest follow-up available in the literature. No patient was lost to follow-up. Since our previous report, there were two additional cup failures due to aseptic loosening, at ten and sixteen years postoperatively. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed the probability of survival of the acetabular component at twelve years to be 80% (95% confidence interval, 65% to 95%) with removal of the cup for any reason as the end point and 85% (95% confidence interval, 71% to 99%) with aseptic loosening as the end point. Cup revisions performed with cement and use of impaction bone-grafting in patients with rheumatoid arthritis led to acceptable long-term prosthetic survival rates. This technique is attractive from a biological standpoint because of the possibility of maintaining acetabular bone stock.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.