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Scientific Articles   |    
Overhang of the Femoral Component in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Risk Factors and Clinical Consequences
Ormonde M. Mahoney, MD1; Tracy Kinsey, MSPH1
1 Athens Orthopedic Clinic, P.A., 1765 Old West Broad Street, Building 2, Suite 200, Athens, GA 30606. E-mail address for O.M. Mahoney: authors@aocfoundation.org
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Disclosure: In support of their research for or preparation of this work, one or more of the authors received, in any one year, outside funding or grants in excess of $10,000 from Stryker Orthopaedics. In addition, one or more of the authors or a member of his or her immediate family received, in any one year, payments or other benefits in excess of $10,000 or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (Stryker Orthopaedics). Also, a commercial entity (Stryker Orthopaedics) paid or directed in any one year, or agreed to pay or direct, benefits in excess of $10,000 to a research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which one or more of the authors, or a member of his or her immediate family, is affiliated or associated.

Investigation performed at the Athens Orthopedic Clinic, Athens, Georgia

Copyright ©2010 American Society for Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2010 May 01;92(5):1115-1121. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.H.00434
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Abstract

Background: 

Recently, much attention has been directed to femoral component overhang in total knee arthroplasty. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of femoral component overhang among men and women after total knee arthroplasty, to identify risk factors for overhang, and to determine whether overhang was associated with postoperative knee pain or decreased range of motion.

Methods: 

Femoral component overhang was measured intraoperatively during 437 implantations of the same type of total knee arthroplasty prosthesis. The overhang of metal beyond the bone cut edge was measured in millimeters at the midpoint of ten zones after permanent fixation of the implant. Factors predictive of overhanging fit were identified, and the effect of overhang on postoperative pain and flexion was examined.

Results: 

Overhang of =3 mm occurred in at least one zone among 40% (seventy-one) of 176 knees in men and 68% (177) of 261 knees in women, most frequently in lateral zones 2 (anterior-distal) and 3 (distal). Female sex, shorter height, and larger femoral component size were highly predictive of greater overhang in multivariate models. Femoral component overhang of =3 mm in at least one zone was associated with an almost twofold increased risk of knee pain more severe than occasional or mild at two years after surgery (odds ratio, 1.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 3.3).

Conclusions: 

In this series, overhang of the femoral component was highly prevalent, occurring more often and with greater severity in women, and the prevalence and magnitude of overhang increased with larger femoral component sizes among both sexes. Femoral component overhang of =3 mm approximately doubles the odds of clinically important knee pain two years after total knee arthroplasty.

Level of Evidence: 

Prognostic Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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