0
Scientific Articles   |    
The Evaluation of Patellar Height: A Simple Method
Oliver Portner, BSc, MDCM, FRCSC1; Hossein Pakzad, MD, FRCSC1
1 Division of Orthopaedics, University of Ottawa Faculty of Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital, General Campus, 501 Smyth Road, Room 5004, Ottawa, ON K1H BL6, Canada. E-mail address for O. Portner: portgar@rogers.com
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity.

Investigation performed at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Copyright © 2011 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2011 Jan 05;93(1):73-80. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.01689
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: 

Patellar height is evaluated with ratios that have been derived from measurements made on lateral radiographs of the knee. The importance of using a ratio is that magnification, physical size, and flexion angle are eliminated as factors that affect the values. The Insall-Salvati index was the first ratio to be described. It remains the most popular, possibly because normal values are easy to remember. As all of the currently accepted methods are cumbersome to use because they require two measurements as well as a calculation, a single angular measurement was devised (the plateau-patella angle) to offer a simpler alternative. The purpose of this study was to introduce the new method and to assess its validity by comparing it with three classic, commonly used ratios.

Methods: 

In two groups of patients, after exclusions, 269 lateral radiographs of the knee were evaluated. All measurements required for the Insall-Salvati, the Blackburne-Peel, and the Caton-Deschamps indices plus the plateau-patella angle were recorded, along with basic demographics. For validation, the new method was compared with the established methods, and interobserver and intraobserver reliability were computed.

Results: 

There was excellent correlation between the proposed angle and the three selected indices, especially with the Blackburne-Peel index. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability was high and compared favorably with that reported in the literature for the three classic ratios. The calculated ratios were in line with those described in the literature. The mean plateau-patella angle was 25°. Ninety percent of the measurements fell between 20° and 30°, and one standard deviation above and below was 21° to 29°.

Conclusions: 

The plateau-patella angle, a new method of evaluating patellar height, can be measured rapidly with use of either a goniometer or digital software. Its range is easy to remember, it is reliably reproduced, and it correlates well with traditional methods. It is thus a valid and easy alternative method for the evaluation of patellar height.

Figures in this Article

    Topics

    patella
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/19/2014
    Massachusetts - The University of Massachusetts Medical School
    04/16/2014
    Ohio - OhioHealth Research and Innovation Institute (OHRI)
    01/08/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center