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Scientific Articles   |    
The Rate of Contralateral Proximal Femoral Fracture Following Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning Compared with Arthroplasty for the Treatment of Femoral Neck Fractures
Christopher D. Souder, MD1; Michael L. Brennan, MD1; Kindyle Losey Brennan, PhD1; Juhee Song, PhD1; Johnathan Williams, BS1; Christopher Chaput, MD1
1 Department of Orthopaedics, Scott & White Healthcare, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX 76508. E-mail address for C.D. Souder: csouder@swmail.sw.org
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Scott and White Memorial Hospital and Clinic, the Texas A&M University Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas



Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2012 Mar 07;94(5):418-425. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.01134
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Abstract

Background: 

As the population ages, the number of proximal femoral fractures seen each year is expected to increase. Subsequent contralateral hip fractures have been reported to occur in as many as 11.8% of patients after surgical fixation of the initial fracture, but it is unknown if this rate is similar among patients managed with different surgical procedures.

Methods: 

A retrospective comparative study was performed at a single institution at which electronic medical records and digital radiographs were reviewed for 1177 patients who underwent closed reduction and percutaneous pinning or arthroplasty for the treatment of a proximal femoral fracture. For the primary outcome of subsequent fracture, logistic regression analysis was applied.

Results: 

Four hundred and ninety-five patients were managed with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning, and 682 were managed with arthroplasty. Patients who underwent closed reduction and percutaneous pinning were two times more likely to have a subsequent contralateral femoral fracture in comparison with those who underwent arthroplasty, with contralateral fracture rates of 10.10% for the closed reduction and percutaneous pinning group and 5.57% for the arthroplasty group (p = 0.0035).

Conclusions: 

Patients undergoing closed reduction and percutaneous pinning as the initial treatment for a hip fracture had an increased risk of a subsequent contralateral hip fracture in comparison with those undergoing arthroplasty, after controlling for patient characteristics.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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