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Complications of Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing in Pediatric Fracture ManagementAAOS Exhibit Selection
Shital N. Parikh, MD1; Viral V. Jain, MD1; Jaime Denning, MD1; Junichi Tamai, MD1; Charles T. Mehlman, DO, MPH1; James J. McCarthy, MD1; Eric J. Wall, MD1; Alvin H. Crawford, MD1
1 Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2017, Cincinnati, OH 45229. E-mail address for S.N. Parikh: shital.parikh@cchmc.org
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Investigation performed at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2012 Dec 19;94(24):e184 1-14. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00668
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Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) for pediatric fracture management has gained increasing popularity since its introduction in the late 1970s. Relatively few modifications have been made to the original technique in the last forty years, which illustrates the sound biomechanical principles and simplicity of the technique. Jean-Paul Metaizeau, the originator of the technique, pointed out that poor results after ESIN were typically due to incorrect constructs, incorrect indications, and insufficient surgeon training1. The initial (1977 to 1980) indications for ESIN were limited to pediatric patients with multiple injuries or head trauma in whom cast or traction treatment was not practical. Later, its use was extended to all diaphyseal fractures of long bones in children. With widespread acceptance, the indications have been further expanded to metaphyseal fractures, comminuted fractures, pathologic fractures, and fractures of smaller bones (including clavicular, supracondylar humeral, and metacarpal fractures). ESIN was introduced in the United States in 19972. The literature is replete with reports of the clinical success of ESIN, but reports related to its complications are scarce. The aim of this manuscript was to review the common complications related to ESIN and provide technical pearls to manage and avoid complications.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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