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Long-Term Outcomes of Anterior Dual-Rod Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic ScoliosisA Twelve to Twenty-three-Year Follow-up Study
Hideki Sudo, MD1; Manabu Ito, MD1; Kiyoshi Kaneda, MD2; Yasuhiro Shono, MD3; Kuniyoshi Abumi, MD1
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University Hospital, North-15, West-7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8638, Japan. E-mail address for H. Sudo: hidekisudo@yahoo.co.jp
2 Hokushin Memorial Hospital, Kikusuimotomati 3-3, Sapporo, Hokkaido 003-0823, Japan
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido Social Insurance Hospital, Nakanoshima 1-8, Sapporo, Hokkaido 062-8618, Japan
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University Hospital, Hokkaido, Japan

Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. None of the authors, or their institution(s), have had any financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with any entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. Also, no author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2013 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2013 Apr 17;95(8):e49 1-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00781
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Anterior spinal fusion with instrumentation is used for the treatment of thoracolumbar/lumbar scoliosis. The aim of this long-term, retrospective, hospital-based cohort study was to determine the outcomes of anterior dual-rod instrumentation in a consecutive series of patients with thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis managed by a single surgeon at a single institution.


A consecutive series of thirty-two patients with Lenke type-5C thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were included. Outcome measures included patient demographics, radiographic measurements, adjacent-segment degeneration, pulmonary function, and Scoliosis Research Society outcome instrument (SRS-30) scores. Perioperative and postoperative complications were recorded.


Thirty patients were followed for a mean of 17.2 years (range, twelve to twenty-three years). The mean thoracolumbar/lumbar Cobb angle correction rate and correction loss at the time of the latest follow-up were 79.8% and 3.4°, respectively. The average percent-predicted forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second were 91.8% and 81.8%, respectively. The average total SRS-30 score was 4.2. Mild degeneration below the fusion mass was observed in 23% of the patients. No instrumentation failure, pseudarthrosis, surgical site infection, or clinically relevant neurovascular complications were observed. Two patients required surgical revision with posterior spinal instrumentation, one because of subjacent disc wedging and the other because of progression of the thoracic curve deformity.


Radiographic findings, pulmonary function, and clinical measures were satisfactory at the time of follow-up, at a minimum of twelve years. Anterior dual-rod instrumentation remains a useful surgical treatment for Lenke type-5C thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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