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Skeletal alterations following irradiation for Wilms' tumor: with particular reference to scoliosis and kyphosis

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1976 Jun 01;58(4):526-536
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The roentgenographic changes in the axial skeleton after irradiation for Wilms' tumor were studied in eighty-one patients. In addition to the initial alterations found in the individual vertebrae within the field of irradiation, spinal deformity subsequently developed in fifty-nine patients (pure scoliosis in thirty-eight, kyphoscoliosis in nineteen, and pure kyphosis in two). Unitl the adolescent growth spurt these deformities tended to remain slight, but some progression did occur. In seven patients the scoliosis became severe enough to require spine fusion. A Milwaukee brace used in three patients failed to correct the curve. The trapezoidal shape of the vertebrae and scarring of the soft tissues within the concavity made correction difficult. Recognizable roentgenographic alterations failed to develop in twenty-two patients who, in general, were older and had received less irradiation. There appeared to be a correlation between the amount of irradiation and the severity of the spinal deformity (p is less than 0.05) and between the age of irradiation and the amount of deformity (p is less than 0.02).

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