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A Ten-Year Analysis of the Research Funding Program of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association
Mitchell Bernstein, MD, FRCSC1; Nicholas M. Desy, MD2; Bogdan A. Matache, MD3; Todd O. McKinley, MD4; Edward J. Harvey, MD, MSc, FRCSC2
1 Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104. E-mail address: bernstein.mitchell@gmail.com
2 Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University Health Center, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Room B5.159.5, Montreal, QC H3G 1A4, Canada
3 McGill University, 3655 Promenade Sir William Osler, Montreal, QC H3G 1Y6, Canada
4 Department of Orthopaedics, Indiana University Methodist Hospital, 1801 North Senate Boulevard, Suite 535, Indianapolis, IN 46204
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Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. None of the authors, or their institution(s), have had any financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with any entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. Also, no author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2013 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2013 Oct 02;95(19):e142 1-6. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.01627
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The Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) awarded over $3 million in research grants during 2000 through 2009. However, little is known regarding the outcomes of this funding program. Given the continued constraints in securing research dollars, we evaluated the research funding program of the OTA over this ten-year period. We studied the association of grant funding with (1) the publication rate, (2) the cost per publication, (3) the journal impact factor for published manuscripts, and (4) the dollar amount of extramural funding secured.


Grants from the target period were identified with use of the OTA online archive. The title of each grant and the name of the principal investigator were used to search across seven scientific databases for associated publications.


Over the study period, $3,507,050 was awarded through 131 grants (thirty-three clinical, thirty-nine basic science, and fifty-nine resident). A total of 202 associated publications (seventy-three for the clinical grants, eighty-four for the basic science grants, and forty-five for the resident grants) were identified. Twenty-two (67%) of the clinical grants led to at least one publication compared with thirty-one (79%) of the basic science grants and twenty-four (41%) of the resident grants. The cost per publication was $26,892 for the clinical grants compared with $11,357 for the basic science grants and $13,111 for the resident grants. The mean impact factor of the journals containing the publications was 2.58.


Over the study period, the publication output for the funded projects was substantial. Basic science grants had the highest publication rate. The three types of grants resulted in publication in peer-reviewed journals with similar impact factors.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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