In response to multiple stresses in current surgical education, we developed a new model of orthopaedic training that combines curricular reform with a competency-based framework. For the past three years, this pilot program has been run in parallel to our conventional curriculum for a select number of residents. In this article, we share our initial experience with this approach to training and describe its successes and challenges. We review the existing concerns with surgical training in a new era of work-hour restrictions and describe the pedagogical rationale for the model that we have developed. We then discuss the design of this curriculum, including the basic tenets and principles that guided our approach. Finally, we detail our preliminary results, which add evidence that a focused, modular-based program, with concentrated teaching of technical skills and frequent formative and summative evaluations, can result in rapid acceleration in surgical competency, knowledge acquisition, and comprehensive professional skills. This new model deserves further study and consideration for implementation on a broader scale in today’s challenging medical education environment.