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Analysis of Outcomes in Extraskeletal OsteosarcomaA Review of Fifty-three Cases
Lisa E. Choi, MD1; John H. Healey, MD1; Deborah Kuk, ScM1; Murray F. Brennan, MD1
1 Orthopaedic Surgery Service (L.E.C. and J.H.H.), Gastric and Mixed Tumor Service (M.F.B.), Department of Surgery, and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (D.K.), Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065. E-mail address for J.H. Healey: healeyj@mskcc.org
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Investigation performed at the Department of Surgery and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

Peer Review: This article was reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief and one Deputy Editor, and it underwent blinded review by two or more outside experts. The Deputy Editor reviewed each revision of the article, and it underwent a final review by the Editor-in-Chief prior to publication. Final corrections and clarifications occurred during one or more exchanges between the author(s) and copyeditors.

Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2014 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2014 Jan 01;96(1):e2 1-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.M.00339
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Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma about which little is known. The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical features and natural history of extraskeletal osteosarcoma and to investigate factors affecting outcomes.


A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients diagnosed with soft-tissue sarcoma was conducted. Patients with pathologically confirmed extraskeletal osteosarcoma from 1982 to 2012 were identified and were included in the analysis. Medical records were reviewed for clinical features, treatment, and outcomes.


Fifty-three patients were identified from the database: forty-two presented with localized disease, two presented with metastatic disease, and nine presented with recurrent (local and/or distant) disease. The median patient age at diagnosis was sixty-four years, with a median follow-up time of thirty-four months (range, one to 290 months) for survivors. Of the fifty-three patients who were identified, forty-one had lesions in the extremities, fifty-one had high-grade lesions, forty had lesions >5 cm, and forty-two had deep lesions. For patients presenting with localized disease, the median survival was 45.8 months with a three-year cumulative incidence of death due to disease of 39%. All patients with localized disease were managed with surgical resection of the primary tumor: nineteen with surgery only, ten with adjuvant radiation, five with adjuvant chemotherapy, and eight with both radiation and chemotherapy. Eighteen patients relapsed: two patients had local recurrences, ten patients had distant metastases, and six patients had local recurrences and distant metastases. In log-rank analysis, patients with superficial tumors and negative margins at resection had a higher three-year event-free survival. No significant association of disease-specific or event-free survival was found with the addition of radiation, chemotherapy, or both to surgery.


For patients presenting with localized extraskeletal osteosarcoma, three-year event-free survival was higher for patients with superficial tumors and negative margins at resection. Radiation and chemotherapeutic treatment were not associated with a lower incidence of death due to disease or a longer event-free survival.

Level of Evidence: 

Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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