0
Scientific Articles   |    
Fat Content of Hip Muscles: An Anteroposterior Gradient
Edouard Daguet, MD1; Erwan Jolivet, PhD1; Valérie Bousson, PhD1; Carole Boutron, MD1; Natacha Dahmen, MD1; Catherine Bergot, PhD1; Eric Vicaut, PhD1; Jean-Denis Laredo, MD1
1 Service de Radiologie Ostéo-Articulaire, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75010 Paris, France. E-mail address for E. Daguet: edouard.daguet@free.fr. E-mail address for J.-D. Laredo: jean-denis.laredo@lrb.aphp.fr
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

  • Disclosure statement for author(s): PDF

Investigation performed at the Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, and the Faculté Denis Diderot Université Paris 7, Paris, France

Copyright © 2011 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2011 Oct 19;93(20):1897-1905. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00509
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: 

Despite the importance of the hip muscles in protecting against hip fracture and in the outcome of hip arthroplasty, the variability in their fat content has not been previously studied. Our objectives were to evaluate the variability in the fat content of the hip muscles in a population without myopathy or a need for hip surgery with the use of computed tomography (CT), to study the relationship between hip muscle fat content and physical performance, and to identify medical conditions and lifestyle habits associated with an increase in hip muscle fat content.

Methods: 

Ten normal subjects without a relevant medical history and ninety-nine consecutive nonsurgical patients without myopathy (age, twenty-one to ninety-four years) underwent a nonenhanced CT scan of the pelvis. Patients were asked to perform physical tests (six-meter walk, repeated chair stands, and Trendelenburg test), and their level of physical activity and medical history were recorded. Evaluation of the fat content of the hip muscles was based on the analysis of four reproducible and representative CT slices with use of custom software.

Results: 

The fat content varied among the muscles, with an anteroposterior gradient from the hip flexors (mean, 2%) to the hip extensors (mean, 10%). This gradient increased after fifty years of age. Fat content also varied considerably among patients. Higher fat content was associated with poorer performance on physical tests, even after adjustment for the cross-sectional area of the muscle (p < 0.05). Higher fat content was also associated with greater age, higher body-mass index, and lower physical activity (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: 

The observed variability in the fat content of individuals without myopathy or a need for hip surgery should be useful for comparison with future studies of specific populations of patients, such as those with muscle weakness secondary to hip fracture or hip surgery. Simple lifestyle changes such as dietary restriction, increased physical activity, and vitamin D supplementation may decrease muscle fat content and improve physical performance in the elderly.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Hip
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/19/2014
    Virginia - VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
    03/19/2014
    Massachusetts - The University of Massachusetts Medical School
    01/22/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    05/03/2012
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery