This study addressed risk factors for surgical site infection in patients who had undergone orthopaedic oncology surgical procedures.Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed data on 1521 orthopaedic oncologic surgical procedures in 1304 patients. We assessed patient demographics, updated Charlson comorbidity index, surgery-specific data, and treatment-related data and attempted to identify predictors of surgical site infection with bivariate and multivariable analysis.Results:
Eight factors independently predicted surgical site infection: body mass index (odds ratio [OR]:, 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 1.07), age (OR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.33), total number of preceding procedures (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.34), preexisting implants (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.17 to 3.21), infection at another site on the date of the surgery (OR: 4.13, 95% CI: 1.57 to 10.85), malignant disease (OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 0.94 to 2.26), hip region affected (OR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.35 to 2.84), and duration of the procedure (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.25).Conclusions:
These factors can inform patients and surgeons of the probability of surgical site infection after orthopaedic oncologic surgery. While most risk factors are unmodifiable or related to the complexity of the case, infection at another site on the date of the surgery is one factor amenable to intervention.Level of Evidence:
Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.Peer Review
This article was reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief and one Deputy Editor, and it underwent blinded review by two or more outside experts. It was also reviewed by an expert in methodology and statistics. The Deputy Editor reviewed each revision of the article, and it underwent a final review by the Editor-in-Chief prior to publication. Final corrections and clarifications occurred during one or more exchanges between the author(s) and copyeditors.