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Pneumothorax complicating fracture of the scapula
JG McLennan; J Ungersma
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1982 Apr 01;64(4):598-599
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Abstract

We evaluated thirty patients with a fracture of the scapula in a prospective study over a seven-year period. Sixteen patients were found to have an associated pneumothorax, of which more than two-thirds were associated with a fracture of the left scapula. Ten of the pneumothoraces were delayed for one to three days. All of the scapular fractures were treated using a shoulder immobilizer, and early range-of-motion exercises of the involved extremity were instituted as tolerated. Information obtained from pulmonary auscultation and percussion, determination of initial values for arterial blood gases, and daily chest radiographs for three days after injury confirmed the diagnosis. Closed suction drainage using anteriorly or laterally placed thoracostomy tubes was performed successfully in all patients and avoided the potential sequelae of shock, respiratory failure, and pneumonia, as well as recurrence.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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