Articles   |    
The effects of angular and rotational deformities of both bones of the forearm. An in vitro study
RR Tarr; AI Garfinkel; A Sarmiento
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1984 Jan 01;66(1):65-70
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


In intact fresh cadaver specimens, we experimentally studied angular and rotatory deformities at the distal and middle levels of the forearm. The remaining pronation and supination motions were measured. When both bones of the forearm were angulated with a combined deformity (radio-ulnar or dorsovolar, or both) of 10 degrees, a loss of pronation-supination of 12.5 +/- 4.5 per cent occurred in the forearms with a distal-third fracture; in the forearms with a middle-third fracture the average loss was 16.0 +/- 5.7 per cent. Pronation losses were similar for both distal and middle-third deformities. However, supination losses were much less affected (p less than 0.01) in forearms with deformities at the distal-third level while the losses were considered drastic for middle-third deformities. Rotatory deformities produced losses of pronation-supination that were equal to the degree of deformity. Clinical Relevance: Study of the artificially created deformities in cadavera indicated that angular and rotatory deformities of the forearm of 10 degrees or less result in minimum limitation of pronation-supination. These degrees of limitation of motion in clinical practice are easily compensated for and are cosmetically acceptable. The fact that the perfect anatomical restoration of fracture alignment that often is obtained with internal fixation does not always result in complete restoration of motion suggests that: (1) this residual impairment of function is due to soft-tissue scarring, and (2) the mild angular and rotatory deformities resulting from nonsurgical treatment of fractures of the forearm may produce limitations of motion of an equally acceptable degree.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    CT - Orthopaedic Foundation
    NY - Modern Chiropractic Care, P.C.
    VA - OrthoVirginia