0
Articles   |    
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath and synovial membrane). A review of eighty-one cases
AS Rao; VJ Vigorita
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1984 Jan 01;66(1):76-94
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

We reviewed the cases of eighty-one patients with pigmented villonodular synovitis and giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath. The average duration of symptoms prior to consulting a physician was twenty-seven months. The lesion was slow-growing, was located in one joint or tendon sheath, and usually was asymptomatic in a finger or thumb but painful in a knee or toe. Twenty-nine per cent of the finger or thumb lesions and 21 per cent of the knee lesions that were followed recurred. Approximately 70 per cent of the radiographs showed abnormalities that ranged from soft-tissue swelling to bone erosion. Six lesions were incidental findings during arthrotomy for some other lesion. The histological characteristics of the solitary nodular, multiple nodular, and diffuse lesions suggested that they have a common histogenesis that is characterized by proliferation of fibroblastic or histiocytic mesenchymal cells, or both, beneath the synovial or tenosynovial lining cells, and by collagen production. Foam cells and iron deposits appear to be secondary changes and are usually seen in the periphery of the expanding nodules. The centrifugal growth pattern and the distinct differences between the lesional tissue and the adjacent hyperplastic synovial tissue suggest that pigmented villonodular synovitis is a true neoplastic process.

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Benign synovial tumors and proliferative processes. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2013;17(2):177-8.
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/19/2014
    MA - The University of Massachusetts Medical School
    12/04/2013
    NY - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    05/03/2012
    CA - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery