0
Articles   |    
A comparative study of the tolerance of skeletal muscle to ischemia. Tourniquet application compared with acute compartment syndrome
RB Heppenstall; R Scott; A Sapega; YS Park; B Chance
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1986 Jul 01;68(6):820-828
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

In this study, the tolerance of skeletal muscle to tourniquet application (ischemia) and to acute compartment syndrome (ischemia and pressure) was compared. In five animals, the cuff of a pneumatic tourniquet was inflated to 350 millimeters of mercury at the level of the thigh for three hours. In five other animals, an acute experimental compartment syndrome was created in one anterolateral compartment by autologous plasma infusion. The compartment pressure (measured by wick catheter) was maintained at a level equal to the mean arterial pressure for three hours. At three hours, reperfusion was established in both groups, either by tourniquet release or by decompressive fasciotomy and epimysiotomy. During both the ischemic period and a two-hour recovery period immediately thereafter, the mean intracellular pH and high-energy phosphate profile (levels of adenosine triphosphate and phosphocreatine) of the muscles of the anterolateral compartment were monitored non-invasively by phosphorus nuclear magnetic-resonance spectroscopy. Muscle biopsies were done the following day to take specimens for electron microscopic analysis of ultrastructural cellular degeneration. During ischemia, the cellular levels of phosphocreatine decreased at an identical rate in both groups. In contrast, the levels of adenosine triphosphate diminished rapidly in the animals with the compartment syndrome, but remained unchanged in the tourniquet group. Ischemic muscle acidosis was more severe in dogs with the compartment syndrome. In the tourniquet group, the phosphocreatine, adenosine triphosphate, and pH were all normal within fifteen minutes after release of the tourniquet, but these values remained depressed even two hours after fasciotomy in the group with compartment syndrome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    01/22/2014
    PA - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    03/05/2014
    OK - The University of Oklahoma
    04/16/2014
    OH - OhioHealth Research and Innovation Institute (OHRI)
    03/26/2014
    MA - Boston University Orthopedic Surgical Associates