0
Articles   |    
Locked posterior dislocation of the shoulder
RJ Hawkins; CS Neer; RM Pianta; FX Mendoza
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1987 Jan 01;69(1):9-18
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Of forty patients with forty-one locked posterior dislocations of the shoulder, the diagnosis had been missed by the initial physician in the majority. A motor-vehicle accident, a seizure, an alcohol-related injury, or electroshock therapy had caused the dislocation in these patients, and the average interval from injury to diagnosis was one year. Twenty-five of the forty-one dislocations had been diagnosed in less than six months. An axillary radiograph confirmed the diagnosis in all shoulders and demonstrated the approximate size of the impression defect. There were no associated displaced fractures of the humerus, but in twenty of the shoulders there was an undisplaced fracture of the proximal part of the humerus. The average length of follow-up was 5.5 years. For seven shoulders the deformity was accepted. Treatment in the others consisted of closed reduction, which was attempted in twelve shoulders and was successful in six of the twelve; transfer of the subscapularis tendon, which was attempted in nine shoulders and was successful in four; transfer of the lesser tuberosity, which was successful in all four shoulders that were so treated; hemiarthroplasty, which was performed in nine shoulders and was successful in six (the other three required revision); and total arthroplasty in ten shoulders, one of which dislocated postoperatively and was not treated. Once the diagnosis is established, the majority of patients with this lesion can be successfully managed.

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    04/02/2014
    Illinois - Hinsdale Orthopaedics
    02/05/2014
    Oregon - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research
    04/02/2014
    WY - Memorial Hospital of Sweetwater County