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Prerandomization: an alternative to classic randomization. The effects on recruitment in a controlled trial of arthroscopy for osteoarthrosis of the knee
RW Chang; J Falconer; SD Stulberg; WJ Arnold; AR Dyer
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1990 Dec 01;72(10):1451-1455
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Abstract

Possibly the greatest threat to the success of a randomized clinical trial is the inability to recruit an adequate number of subjects. Concern that the randomized clinical trial will adversely affect the physician-patient relationship is the most common reason for physicians' reluctance to enroll patients in such trials. We report a modification of a prerandomized design, first described by Zelen, which was implemented in a randomized clinical trial of arthroscopy for patients who had osteoarthrosis of the knee. The method was associated with a sixfold increase in the rate of accrual of patients as compared with the use of a classic randomization trial. We propose the design as a potential solution to the problem of recruitment of subjects, particularly for clinical studies.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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