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The long-term functional and radiographic outcomes of untreated and non-operatively treated metatarsus adductus
P Farsetti; SL Weinstein; IV Ponseti
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1994 Feb 01;76(2):257-265
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Thirty-one patients (forty-five feet) who had metatarsus adductus were evaluated at our institution and were followed for an average of thirty-two years and six months. Of these thirty-one patients, twenty-one (thirty-one feet) were examined clinically and radiographically. Information on the remaining ten patients (fourteen feet) was obtained by letter or telephone, or both. Twelve patients (sixteen feet) who had a passively correctable deformity (mild or moderate) at the time of the initial presentation had no treatment. Twenty patients (twenty-nine feet) who had a partly flexible or rigid deformity (moderate or severe) at the time of the initial presentation were managed with serial manipulation and application of plaster holding casts. (One patient who had a bilateral deformity had no treatment on one side and conservative management on the other). The results were good in all sixteen of the untreated feet and in twenty-six (90 per cent) of the twenty-nine feet that had been conservatively treated. There were no poor results. The passively correctable deformities resolved spontaneously. Radiographs showed an obliquity of the medial cuneiform-metatarsal joint in twenty-one (68 per cent) of the thirty-one feet that were examined clinically and radiographically. Similar findings were observed in four of eleven contralateral, normal feet. Hallux valgus was not a common outcome. No patient had operative correction.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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