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The use of porous prostheses in delayed reconstruction of total hip replacements that have failed because of infection
BJ Nestor; AD Hanssen; R Ferrer-Gonzalez; RH Fitzgerald
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1994 Mar 01;76(3):349-359
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Abstract

Between March 1984 and March 1989, thirty-four patients who had an infection at the site of a cemented total hip prosthesis were managed with resection arthroplasty and delayed implantation of a porous total hip prosthesis without cement. The interval from the time of the resection arthroplasty to the implantation of another prosthesis averaged eight months (range, three to nineteen months). At an average of forty-seven months (range, twenty-four to seventy-two months) after the reimplantation, six patients (18 per cent) had recurrence of the infection. Patients who had rheumatoid arthritis were at significantly higher risk for the development of a recurrent infection (p < 0.01). Of the twenty-eight patients who did not have a recurrent infection, six had definite radiographic evidence of loosening of the femoral component at the latest follow-up evaluation. For twenty-five of the twenty-eight patients, sufficient data were available for calculation of the Mayo Clinic hip score; only fourteen (56 per cent) of these patients had a satisfactory functional outcome. The high (68 per cent) rate of complications and the long-term durability of the prosthesis in these patients remain a concern. The fact that 18 per cent of the patients had a recurrent infection suggests that avoidance of the use of bone cement does not improve the rate of resolution of infection after a delayed revision operation in patients who have an infection following a total hip arthroplasty.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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