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Comparison of the results of bacterial cultures from multiple sites in chronic osteomyelitis of long bones. A prospective study
MJ Patzakis; J Wilkins; J Kumar; P Holtom; B Greenbaum; R Ressler
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1994 May 01;76(5):664-666
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Abstract

We evaluated the results of aerobic, anaerobic, and fungal cultures of specimens that had been obtained from multiple sites in thirty patients who had traumatic osteomyelitis with a sinus track. In each patient, we obtained specimens of material from the sinus track; specimens of purulent fluid, of soft tissue, and of bone obtained from curettage; and specimens from the bed of the involved bone. More than one organism grew on culture of the specimens from twenty-one of the patients; more than three organisms, from those of eleven patients; and ten organisms, from those of two patients. The same organisms grew on culture of the specimens from every site in only fourteen (47 per cent) of the thirty patients. We recommend that specimens of material from the sinus track; specimens of purulent material, of soft tissue, and of bone obtained from curettage; and specimens from the bed of the involved bone be obtained for culture before the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis with a draining sinus, so that as many of the infecting organisms as possible will be identified.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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