0
Articles   |    
The effect of age on the change in deformity after radical resection and anterior arthrodesis for tuberculosis of the spine
SS Upadhyay; MJ Saji; P Sell; AC Yau
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1994 May 01;76(5):701-708
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

We compared the long-term changes in spinal deformity after a radical operation for tuberculosis of the spine in thirty-three children who were ten years old or younger at the time of the operation with those of seventy-one adult patients who were at least eighteen years old at the time of the operation. The spinal deformity was measured with use of the angles of kyphosis and deformity as assessed on lateral spinal radiographs made preoperatively and postoperatively at six months, one year, and five years and at the most recent follow-up evaluation (at a mean of fifteen years). We detected no significant difference in the mean angles of kyphosis and deformity between the children and the adults postoperatively at any follow-up evaluation; thus, we found that growth of the posterior portion of the spine does not contribute to the progression of deformity after a radical anterior procedure. The children who had tuberculosis of the thoracic spine had much better correction than the adults at the six-month follow-up examination. This correction was maintained. However, there were no such differences in the correction of the deformity between the adults and the children who had tuberculosis of the thoracolumbar or the lumbar spine. Our findings clearly show that a short anterior spinal arthrodesis done at an early age was not associated with progression of deformity during growth and development in our patients. The longitudinal pattern of changes in deformity was similar in the children and the adults, and there was no evidence of disproportionate posterior spinal growth contributing to the progression of deformity after anterior spinal arthrodesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    12/04/2013
    NY - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    11/15/2013
    LA - Ochsner Health System
    04/16/2014
    CT - Yale University School of Medicine
    02/10/2014
    IL - The University of Chicago's Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine