Articles   |    
Reconstruction with tenodesis in an adult flatfoot model. A biomechanical evaluation of four methods
DB Thordarson; H Schmotzer; J Chon
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1995 Oct 01;77(10):1557-1564
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Six fresh-frozen adult cadaveric specimens were mounted in an Instron materials testing machine with use of a cemented intramedullary rod. Angular relationships between the first metatarsal and the talus were recorded with a sonic digitizer. A flatfoot deformity was created by dividing the talonavicular joint capsule (superiorly, medially, and inferiorly), the spring ligament, the anteromedial aspect of the subtalar joint capsule, and the plantar fascia. Angular displacement in the sagittal and transverse planes was recorded at no load and at 100, 350, and 700-newton plantar loads. Each specimen was subjected to four different reconstructions with tenodesis, and the angular relationship between the first metatarsal and the talus was measured at the four levels of load. A reconstruction with use of the peroneus longus tendon was performed by preserving its insertion into the first metatarsal, rerouting the tendon and passing it from medial to lateral through a calcaneal bone tunnel, and anchoring it to the lateral aspect of the calcaneus. A reconstruction with the tibialis tendon was performed by passing the medial third of the tendon from dorsal to plantar through the navicular and from medial to lateral through the calcaneal bone tunnel and securing it to the lateral aspect of the calcaneus. The reconstruction with the tibialis anterior tendon was repeated with the tendon graft routed along the medial aspect of the navicular, directly through the calcaneal bone tunnel. The fourth reconstruction was done with use of an Achilles tendon allograft.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    Connecticut - Yale University School of Medicine
    W. Virginia - Charleston Area Medical Center