Articles   |    
The anatomy of the pelvis in the exstrophy complex
PD Sponseller; LJ Bisson; JP Gearhart; RD Jeffs; D Magid; E Fishman
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1995 Feb 01;77(2):177-189
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


We compared computerized tomography scans of the pelvis of twenty-four patients who had exstrophy of the bladder with scans of age-matched controls in order to analyze the pelvic deformity that accompanies the variably severe manifestations of this condition. The patients who had classic exstrophy of the bladder were found to have a mean of 12 degrees of external rotation of the posterior aspect of the pelvis on each side, retroversion of the acetabula, a mean additional 18 degrees of external rotation and 30 per cent shortening of the pubic rami, and progressive diastasis of the symphysis pubis. The foot-progression angle demonstrated 20 to 30 degrees of external rotation beyond the normal limits seen in early childhood, but this improved with age. The patients who had exstrophy of the cloaca and the bladder not only had all of these pelvic deformities to a greater degree but also had asymmetry of measured parameters between the right and left sides of the pelvis, malformation of the sacro-iliac joints, and occasional dislocation of the hip. An understanding of the pelvic anatomy that accompanies exstrophy is essential when corrective approaches are planned. Such an understanding will improve the rate of success of both closure of the bladder and control of urinary continence postoperatively.

Figures in this Article
    This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    District of Columbia (DC) - Children's National Medical Center
    S. Carolina - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
    W. Virginia - Charleston Area Medical Center
    New York - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai