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Cephalad sacral resection with a combined extended ilioinguinal and posterior approach
AH Simpson; A Porter; A Davis; A Griffin; RS McLeod; RS Bell
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1995 Mar 01;77(3):405-411
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A combined anterior and posterior approach was used for the resection of a large tumor (a chordoma, a giant-cell tumor, an osteosarcoma, or a chondrosarcoma) of the cephalad part of the sacrum in twelve patients. The anterior aspect of the sacrum was exposed through an extended ilioinguinal approach, and the posterior aspect, through a midline approach. This widely extensile procedure permitted simultaneous visualization of the anterior, posterior, and circumferential aspects of the sacrum at the time of the osteotomy and facilitated the resection of these difficult lesions. At the time of follow-up (average duration for the eleven surviving patients, thirty-seven months; median, thirty months; range, twenty to sixty-nine months), ten patients were able to walk independently (four with the use of a cane) and one was confined to a wheelchair. One patient had died immediately postoperatively. The results of the present study indicate that a combined extended ilioinguinal and posterior approach can be used effectively for the wide resection of a tumor arising in the cephalad part of the sacrum.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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