Articles   |    
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Correction of Vertebral Rotation with Use of Wisconsin Segmental Spinal Instrumentation*
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the University of Ottawa, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1996 Nov 01;78(11):1707-12
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


We retrospectively reviewed the results of use of Wisconsin segmental spinal instrumentation in twenty-four patients who had adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Our purpose was to determine whether there had been any correction of the rotational component. The mean age at the time of the operation was thirteen years and eight months (range, eleven to seventeen years). Computerized tomography was used to measure the degree of vertebral rotation relative to the midline of the body and relative to the mid-sagittal plane in thirty curves that had been treated with instrumentation and in fifteen that had not. According to the criteria of King et al., five patients had a type-I curve; fourteen, a type-II curve; four, a type-III curve; and one, a type-V curve.The mean correction in the coronal plane was 23 degrees (43 per cent; range, 20 to 69 per cent) for the curves that had been treated with instrumentation and 15 degrees (35 per cent; range, 11 to 77 per cent) for those that had not. The mean derotation of the apical vertebra, in relation to the midline of the body, in twenty-two curves that had been treated with instrumentation and that had had a mean initial rotation of 26 degrees (range, 8 to 53 degrees) was 6 degrees (range, 1 to 29 degrees). For seven curves, with a mean initial rotation of 25 degrees (range, 21 to 35 degrees), rotation increased a mean of 3 degrees (range, 1 to 7 degrees) after instrumentation. The rotation of the apical vertebra did not change in one curve treated with instrumentation. Derotation was seen in twelve of the fifteen curves that had not been treated with instrumentation.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    S. Carolina - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
    Oklahoma - The University of Oklahoma
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center