Articles   |    
Use of the Milwaukee Brace for Progressive Idiopathic Scoliosis*
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1996 Apr 01;78(4):557-67
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


One hundred and two (92 per cent) of 111 immature patients in whom idiopathic scoliosis had been treated with a Milwaukee brace were followed to determine the effectiveness of the brace in preventing progression of the scoliosis. The average time from cessation of bracing until the latest radiographs were made for the patients who were managed non-operatively was six years and four months. The average progression of the curve, from the time of initial bracing until use of the brace was stopped, in the eighty-eight patients who were included in the statistical analysis was 4 degrees. The curve continued to progress an average of 5 degrees after use of the brace was stopped in the patients who did not have an arthrodesis. Forty-two patients (48 per cent) had more than 5 degrees of progression at the time that use of the brace was stopped. Thirty-seven patients (42 per cent) had an operation or a curve of sufficient magnitude to warrant operative intervention.The maximum correction of the Cobb angle in the brace had prognostic importance for progression of the curve. The patients in whom the curve did not progress or who did not need operative intervention had had an average correction of 20 per cent, while the patients who had a failure had had an average correction of 8 per cent. The patients who eventually had the indications for an arthrodesis were, on the average, one year younger (eleven years and nine months) and had a curve of a larger magnitude at the time of bracing than the patients who did not need an arthrodesis.The findings of this study do not agree with previously reported favorable results with bracing and raise questions about whether the natural history of progressive idiopathic scoliosis is truly altered by use of the Milwaukee brace.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    Oklahoma - The University of Oklahoma
    S. Carolina - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery