Articles   |    
Effect of Preoperative Donation of Autologous Blood on Deep-Vein Thrombosis following Total Joint Arthroplasty of the Hip or Knee*
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Veterans Administration Medical Center, Buffalo
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1996 Apr 01;78(4):574-80
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


The effect of preoperative donation of autologous blood on postoperative deep-vein thrombosis was retrospectively studied in men who had been managed consecutively with elective total joint replacement of the hip or knee because of osteoarthrosis. The patients had, on the average, two of nine considered risk factors for deep-vein thrombosis. Two hundred and thirty-seven patients were evaluated postoperatively with ascending venography, and they form the basis of this study. Fifty-four patients had venographic evidence of deep-vein thrombosis of the lower extremity, with most having asymptomatic clots distal to the knee. The prevalence of deep-vein thrombosis was nineteen (16 per cent) of 116 after total hip arthroplasty, compared with thirty-five (29 per cent) of 121 after total knee arthroplasty (chi square = 4.6, p = 0.03). Deep-vein thrombosis developed in twenty-eight (17 per cent) of the 161 patients who had donated blood preoperatively, compared with twenty-six (34 per cent) of the seventy-six patients who had not donated blood preoperatively (chi square = 7.7, p = 0.006). Through logistic regression analysis, the donation of autologous blood was shown to reduce significantly the development of postoperative deep-vein thrombosis for patients managed with total knee arthroplasty (p < 0.01) but not for patients managed with total hip arthroplasty. Additional neural network analysis showed the donation of autologous blood to be the most important prognostic factor in predicting the absence of postoperative deep-vein thrombosis.In addition to diminishing the need for transfusion of homologous blood after total joint arthroplasty, preoperative donation of autologous blood appears to protect against postoperative deep-vein thrombosis after total knee arthroplasty.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    Massachusetts - The University of Massachusetts Medical School
    Louisiana - Ochsner Health System