0
Articles   |    
Treatment of Pelvic Osteolysis Associated with a Stable Acetabular Component Inserted without Cement as Part of a Total Hip Replacement*
WILLIAM J. MALONEY, M.D.†; PAUL HERZWURM, M.D.‡; WAYNE PAPROSKY, M.D.§; HARRY E. RUBASH, M.D.#; CHARLES A. ENGH, M.D.**, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1997 Nov 01;79(11):1628-34
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Thirty-five patients who had had a primary total hip replacement with a porous-coated acetabular component inserted without cement had a revision procedure to treat pelvic osteolysis. The mean age at the time of the revision operation was forty-nine years (range, twenty-nine to eighty-five years). Forty-six distinct pelvic osteolytic lesions were noted radiographically around the thirty-five cups. These lesions ranged in size from 0.5 by 0.5 centimeter to 6.3 by 2.7 centimeters (mean, 2.6 by 1.7 centimeters). Fourteen of the thirty-five patients had no or only slight occasional pain at the time of diagnosis of the pelvic osteolysis, fifteen patients had pain attributed to a loose femoral component, one had pain related to a spontaneous fracture of the greater trochanter, and one had pain related to recurrent subluxation. The remaining four patients had pain in the groin despite radiographically stable implants.All of the metal-backed porous-coated acetabular components were stable according to the preoperative radiographs, and the stability was confirmed at the time of the revision. The metal shell was left in place and the acetabular liner was exchanged in all thirty-five patients. The osteolytic lesions were debrided, and thirty-four of the forty-six lesions were filled with allograft bone chips.The patients were evaluated a minimum of two years (range, two to five years; mean, 3.3 years) after the revision operation, and all thirty-five sockets were found to be radiographically stable. The bone grafts appeared to have consolidated, and none of the osteolytic defects had progressed. One-third of the lesions were no longer visible on radiographs, regardless of whether or not they had been filled with bone graft. The remaining lesions had decreased in size.It appears that, in the short-term, exchange of the liner and débridement of the granuloma, with or without use of allograft bone chips in the osteolytic defect, is a reasonable alternative to revision of the socket provided that the metal shell is solidly fixed at the time of the revision operation. If the metal shell has been markedly damaged by the femoral head, the locking mechanism for the polyethylene liner is not intact, or a satisfactory replacement liner is not available, then revision of the porous-coated acetabular component is indicated.These results must be considered preliminary. Since osteolysis may take several years to redevelop after a revision, additional follow-up is required.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Total hip arthroplasty for adult hip dysplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2012;94(19):1809-21.
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/05/2014
    OK - The University of Oklahoma
    12/31/2013
    SC - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
    06/29/2012
    PA - Thomas Jefferson University
    02/19/2014
    OH - University Hospitals Case Medical Center