0
Articles   |    
Functional Bracing for Rupture of the Achilles Tendon. Clinical Results and Analysis of Ground-Reaction Forces and Temporal Data*
GREGORY P. MCCOMIS, M.D.†; DEBORAH A. NAWOCZENSKI, PH.D., P.T.‡; KENNETH E. DEHAVEN, M.D.§, ROCHESTER, NEW YORK
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at University of Rochester Medical Center and Ithaca College Department of Physical Therapy, Rochester
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1997 Dec 01;79(12):1799-1808
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Fifteen patients who had sustained a rupture of the Achilles tendon were managed non-operatively with use of a functional bracing protocol, and clinical and functional performance measures were assessed after a mean duration of follow-up of thirty-one months (range, twenty-four to forty-five months). An age and gender-matched group of fifteen subjects was assessed to provide normative data for the comparison of side-to-side differences. Numerical scores were generated on the basis of subjective responses to a questionnaire, clinical measurements of the range of motion of the ankle and the circumference of the calf, and the results of the Thompson squeeze test and a single-limb heel-rise test. A 100-point scoring system was used to categorize the outcome as excellent, good, fair, or poor. In addition, ground-reaction forces and temporal data were assessed during functional dynamic activities that included walking, a single-limb power hop, and a thirty-second single-limb heel-rise endurance test.The result was graded as excellent for three patients, good for nine, fair for two, and poor for one. An increase in passive dorsiflexion of the treated ankle was the only clinical measure that was significantly different between the groups (p = 0.02). This increase in dorsiflexion was positively correlated with vertical force output between the mid-stance and terminal-stance phases of gait (r = 0.40, p = 0.05). With the numbers available, we could detect no significant differences between the groups with regard to the kinetic or temporal variables that were measured during functional dynamic activities. Patients who generated less peak vertical force and vertical height during the single-limb power-hop test tended to have poorer clinical scores.We believe that non-operative functional bracing may prove to be a viable alternative to operative intervention or use of a plaster cast for the treatment of acute ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The goals of treatment are to prevent the musculoskeletal changes that are associated with immobilization, to reduce the time needed for rehabilitation, and to facilitate an early return to work and to preinjury activities.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    01/08/2014
    PA - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    02/10/2014
    IL - The University of Chicago's Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine
    03/05/2014
    OK - The University of Oklahoma