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Current Concepts Review   |    
Current Concepts Review - Subacromial Impingement Syndrome*
LOUIS U. BIGLIANI, M.D.†, NEW YORK, N.Y.; WILLIAM N. LEVINE, M.D.‡, BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
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*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1997 Dec 01;79(12):1854-68
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In the last two decades, subacromial impingement syndrome has become an increasingly common diagnosis for patients who have a painful shoulder. However, subacromial impingement syndrome is a specific diagnosis and is not the only cause of pain in the anterosuperior aspect of the shoulder. Impingement may be difficult to diagnose because the clinical presentation may be confusing. It is important to differentiate subacromial impingement syndrome from other conditions that may cause symptoms in the shoulder, such as glenohumeral instability, cervical radiculitis, calcific tendinitis, adhesive capsulitis, degenerative joint disease, isolated acromioclavicular osteoarthrosis, and nerve compression. This is particularly true when examining younger patients, especially athletes who perform overhead motions with use of the upper extremity, in whom the diagnosis of impingement should be made with caution. In many cases, the primary diagnosis is subtle glenohumeral instability even though impingement and subacromial bursitis are evident.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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