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Hydroxyapatite-Coated Total Hip Femoral Components in Patients Less Than Fifty Years Old. Clinical and Radiographic Results after Five to Eight Years of Follow-up*
WILLIAM N. CAPELLO, M.D.†, INDIANAPOLIS; JAMES A. D'ANTONIO, M.D.‡, MOON TOWNSHIP, PENNSYLVANIA; JUDY R. FEINBERG, PH.D.†, INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA; MICHAEL T. MANLEY, PH.D.§, FRANKLIN LAKES, NEW JERSEY
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*One or more of the authors have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. In addition, benefits have been or will be directed to a research fund or foundation, educational institution, or other non-profit organization with which one or more of the authors are associated. No funds were received in support of this study.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1997 Jul 01;79(7):1023-9
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Abstract

One hundred and thirty-three patients (152 hips) who were an average of thirty-nine years old (range, sixteen to forty-nine years old) received a proximally hydroxyapatite-coated femoral prosthesis as part of a total hip arthroplasty and were followed for a minimum of five years (average, 6.4 years; range, five to 8.3 years) or until revision. The average Harris hip score was 47 points (range, 22 to 77 points) preoperatively and 93 points (range, 49 to 100 points) at the time of the latest clinical evaluation. Two patients who had a well fixed femoral implant had activity-limiting pain in the thigh at the time of the most recent examination. Radiographic changes consistent with bone-remodeling (cortical hypertrophy and bone condensation) typically were seen around the mid-part of the shaft of the prosthesis. Forty-eight (32 per cent) of the 148 hips that were included in the radiographic analysis demonstrated a small amount of erosive scalloping in either zone 1 or zone 7 of Gruen et al., and intramedullary osteolysis was suspected in only one hip. All stems were radiographically osseointegrated according to a modification of the criteria described by Engh et al. Four stems were revised, but none of the revisions were performed because of mechanical failure (two stems were revised in conjunction with a revision of the cup because of pain; one, because of an infection; and one, after a traumatic femoral fracture that occurred six years postoperatively). Thus, the rates of aseptic and mechanical failure were both 0 per cent. The combined rate of failure, which included the two stems that were revised because of pain and the two stems that were associated with pain that limited activity, was 2.6 per cent (four of 152 stems). The over-all clinical results associated with hydroxyapatite-coated femoral components were excellent in this group of young patients after intermediate-term follow-up. A review of serial radiographs showed mechanically stable implants with osseous ingrowth, evidence of stress transmission at the middle part of the stem, and minimum endosteal osteolysis.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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