0
Articles   |    
Late Treatment of Brachial Plexus Palsy Secondary to Birth Injuries: Rotational Osteotomy of the Proximal Part of the Humerus*
JOHN M. KIRKOS, M.D.†; ISIDOROS A. PAPADOPOULOS, M.D.‡, KILKIS, GREECE
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at Kilkis General Hospital, Kilkis
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1998 Oct 01;80(10):1477-83
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

We retrospectively reviewed the results of rotational osteotomy that had been performed distal to the surgical neck of the humerus in twenty-two patients who had sustained an injury of the brachial plexus at birth. Eighteen patients had a lesion of the superior trunk of the brachial plexus (the fifth and sixth cervical nerve roots), and four had involvement of the entire brachial plexus. The patients ranged in age from four to seventeen years old (average age, ten years and three months old) at the time of the operation. The average duration of follow-up was fourteen years (range, two to thirty-one years).Preoperatively, the patients had been unable to perform self-care activities, such as grooming, feeding, and washing themselves, because of limited active external rotation or fixed internal rotation of the shoulder. All patients had decreased strength of the lateral rotator and abductor muscles and normal strength of the subscapularis and pectoralis major muscles. Radiographs showed some flattening of the humeral head, and four patients had posterior subluxation of the humeral head.A lateral rotational osteotomy of the proximal part of the humerus was performed between the insertions of the subscapularis and pectoralis major muscles. The site of the osteotomy was stabilized with catgut sutures in the periosteum in ten patients and with one or two staples in twelve. The extremity was immobilized in a plaster shoulder-spica cast for six weeks.At the latest follow-up evaluation, the average increase in active abduction was 27 degrees (range, 0 to 60 degrees) and the average increase in the arc of rotation was 25 degrees (range, 5 to 85 degrees). Supination of the forearm also had increased commensurate with the increase in external rotation. The appearance of the extremity had improved as well.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    04/16/2014
    Georgia - Choice Care Occupational Medicine & Orthopaedics
    11/15/2013
    Louisiana - Ochsner Health System
    02/05/2014
    OR - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research
    03/26/2014
    MA - Boston University Orthopedic Surgical Associates