0
Articles   |    
Effect of Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation on Outcome after Fracture of the Femoral Neck or Intertrochanteric Fracture*
KENNETH J. KOVAL, M.D.†; GINA B. AHARONOFF, M.P.H.†; EDWARD T. SU, B.S.†; JOSEPH D. ZUCKERMAN, M.D.†, NEW YORK, N.Y.
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York City
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1998 Mar 01;80(3):357-64
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

A study was performed to assess the impact of intensive inpatient rehabilitation on the outcome after a fracture of the femoral neck or an intertrochanteric fracture. Before 1990, our hospital did not have an inpatient rehabilitation program. On January 1, 1990, a diagnosis-related-group-exempt (DRG-exempt) acute rehabilitation program was initiated. Patients were discharged to this program after evaluation by a staff physiatrist. Before 1990, twenty-seven (9.0 per cent) of 301 patients were discharged to an outside rehabilitation facility. After January 1990, the percentage of patients who were discharged to the DRG-exempt program increased yearly, from nineteen (17 per cent) of 113 patients in 1990 to forty-one (64 per cent) of sixty-four patients in 1993; this difference was significant (p < 0.01). Before 1990, the average duration of the stay in the hospital was 21.9 days. After January 1990, the average duration for the patients who did not enter the rehabilitation program was 20.0 days whereas the average duration for those who did was 31.4 days (16.1 days for acute care and 15.6 days for the rehabilitation program). There were no differences in the hospital discharge status or in the walking ability, place of residence, need for home assistance, or independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living at the six and twelve-month follow-up examinations between patients who had been managed before initiation of the rehabilitation program and those managed after it or between patients who had been discharged to this program after its initiation and those who had not. These results raise serious questions regarding the global cost-effectiveness of these programs for patients who have had a fracture of the femoral neck or an intertrochanteric fracture.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Guidelines
    Results provided by:
    PubMed
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/17/2014
    CT - Orthopaedic Foundation
    12/04/2013
    NY - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    03/19/2014
    VA - VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
    02/05/2014
    OR - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research