0
Articles   |    
The Histological Response to Chemotherapy as a Predictor of the Oncological Outcome of Operative Treatment of Ewing Sarcoma*
JAY S. WUNDER, M.D.†; GABE PAULIAN, B.SC.‡; ANDREW G. HUVOS, M.D.‡; GLENN HELLER, PH.D.‡; PAUL A. MEYERS, M.D.‡; JOHN H. HEALEY, M.D.‡, NEW YORK, N.Y.
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Departments of Surgery, Pathology, Pediatrics, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Affiliated with Cornell University Medical College, New York City
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1998 Jul 01;80(7):1020-33
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Seventy-four patients who had a Ewing sarcoma of bone were managed with preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy and operative resection, with or without postoperative irradiation. The primary objectives of the study were to determine the histological response to preoperative chemotherapy in terms of the percentage of tumor necrosis and to assess the relationship between the histological response and the oncological outcome.The minimum duration of follow-up of the surviving patients who were continuously free of disease was five years. Sections of each operative specimen were examined, and the histological response to chemotherapy was graded semiquantitatively. Grade I indicated necrosis of 50 per cent of the tumor or less; grade II, necrosis of more than 50 per cent but less than 90 per cent; grade III, necrosis of 90 to 99 per cent; and grade IV, necrosis of 100 per cent of the tumor. Of the seventy-four tumors, forty-four (59 per cent) were exquisitely sensitive to chemotherapy and had complete (grade-IV) or nearly complete (grade-III) necrosis. In contrast, fourteen tumors (19 per cent) had little or no response to chemotherapy (grade I) and sixteen (22 per cent) had a moderate degree of necrosis (grade II).The histological response to preoperative chemotherapy (p = 0.0001), followed by the size of the tumor (p = 0.001), were the most important predictors of event-free survival. At five years, the rate of event-free survival was zero of fourteen patients who had had a grade-I response, six of sixteen who had had a grade-II response, and thirty-seven (84 per cent) of forty-four who had had a grade-III or IV response. The risk of local recurrence was most strongly associated with the operative margins; there were only four local recurrences (6 per cent) after sixty-seven resections with negative margins. Local recurrence may also have been influenced by the histological response and the use of local radiation. There were no local recurrences after operative treatment of six tumors that had been associated with pathological fracture.The histological response to preoperative chemotherapy and the size of the primary tumor are the most important clinical predictors of the outcome of operative treatment of non-metastatic Ewing sarcoma. These indicators should be used to identify patients who are at high risk for metastasis as such patients may be candidates for more intensive or novel therapies.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    06/29/2012
    PA - Thomas Jefferson University
    11/15/2013
    LA - Ochsner Health System
    02/10/2014
    IL - The University of Chicago's Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine
    04/16/2014
    CT - Yale University School of Medicine