Articles   |    
Revision of the Acetabular Component without Cement After a Previous Acetabular Reconstruction with Use of a Bulk Femoral Head Graft in Patients Who Had Congenital Dislocation or Dysplasia. A Follow-up Note*
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory and the Hip and Implant Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1999 Dec 01;81(12):1703-6
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Background: Revision of an acetabular component that has failed after a total hip arthroplasty in which a bulk femoral head autogenous graft or allograft was used as a structural graft for acetabular reconstruction is an uncommon but complex and challenging procedure. We previously reported the results for seventy hips at an average of 16.5 years after a total hip arthroplasty in which an acetabular reconstruction had been performed with a femoral head graft. In the present study, we evaluated a subset of nine hips from that series that had a subsequent revision of the acetabular component without cement. The purpose of the current study was to assess the usefulness of the bone graft in this revision.Methods: The nine patients (nine hips) were followed clinically and radiographically for an average of seventy-six months (range, sixty-one to 114 months) after the index revision. In six hips the autogenous femoral head graft previously had been bolted to the lateral side of the ilium, and in one hip the femoral head allograft had been affixed in this manner. In the two remaining hips, the allograft had been placed within the acetabulum.The hips were classified according to the extent of acetabular bone loss, with use of criteria described previously. Three hips had stage-I bone loss; four, stage-II; and two, stage-IIIB.A porous-coated hemispherical acetabular component was inserted without cement and fixed with screws in each hip. At least 70 percent of the porous coating was in contact with viable bone.Results: At the time of the latest follow-up after the index revision, all nine acetabular components were functioning well without loosening or osteolysis and none had been revised. The average Harris hip score was 77 points (range, 61 to 98 points) compared with 49 points (range, 27 to 96 points) preoperatively. One hip had had revision of the femoral stem, and another had had exchange of the acetabular liner because of recurrent dislocations. There was no additional resorption of the residual bulk graft that was in contact with the metal shell in any hip.Conclusions: In this small series of complex acetabular revisions, the healed bulk graft provided valuable additional bone stock for the support of an acetabular component that was inserted without cement. Insertion of the acetabular component into the available bone, which consisted in major part of host bone and in minor part of united revascularized bulk graft, resulted in a well functioning hip after an intermediate duration of follow-up. In all except two hips, the enlarged bone stock allowed insertion of a larger acetabular component than had been used previously.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery