Articles   |    
Application of Bone Graft to the Medial Side of the First Metatarsal Head in the Treatment of Hallux Varus*
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at Hôpital de la Conception, Marseille
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1999 Dec 01;81(12):1730-5
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Background: Hallux varus deformity is not frequent, is usually acquired, and is poorly tolerated by patients. A common cause is the resection of an excessive amount of the head of the first metatarsal during an operation performed to correct a hallux valgus deformity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of application of bone graft to the medial aspect of the first metatarsal head in order to restore missing bone after resection of an excessive amount of bone during a bunionectomy.Methods: Of thirty patients who had a hallux varus deformity that was treated operatively, eight (ten feet) had bone-grafting to the medial aspect of the first metatarsal head. Six patients (seven feet) were available for evaluation at an average of 8.6 years (range, two to twenty-two years) postoperatively. The original reasons for the consultation for the hallux varus deformity were pain in the great toe, discomfort with shoewear, and the cosmetic appearance of the deformity. The pain typically was located on the medial aspect of the great toe and was caused by the pressure of the shoe; the pain usually was aggravated by walking. Preoperatively, the passive range of dorsiflexion averaged 72 degrees (range, 60 to 80 degrees); the passive range of plantar flexion, 12 degrees (range, 10 to 20 degrees); and the varus deformity, 18 degrees.Results: Six of the seven feet had a satisfactory result. The pain associated with the varus deformity had disappeared in all patients. One patient was dissatisfied because of 20 degrees of valgus angulation. The passive range of dorsiflexion averaged 63 degrees (range, 60 to 70 degrees), and all patients had 10 degrees of plantar flexion. Overall, the valgus angulation of the metatarsophalangeal joint averaged 19 degrees (range, 16 to 22 degrees). There was no recurrence or persistence of the varus deformity. In three feet, the joint space was reduced, but this did not jeopardize the clinical result.Conclusions: A bone graft screwed onto the medial aspect of the metatarsal head provided a good result. This technique is indicated when the varus deformity is related to a previous resection of an excessive amount of bone during a bunionectomy and when the deformity is passively reducible to neutral.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    W. Virginia - Charleston Area Medical Center
    Connecticut - Yale University School of Medicine