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Current Concepts Review   |    
Current Concepts Review - Lumbar Arthrodesis for the Treatment of Back Pain*
EDWARD N. HANLEY, JR., M.D.†; STEPHEN M. DAVID, M.D.†, CHARLOTTE, NORTH CAROLINA
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1999 May 01;81(5):716-30
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Extract

Lumbar arthrodesis is a commonly performed operative procedure for the treatment of low-back pain; however, the indications, techniques, and results remain controversial and unclear. The frequency of spinal arthrodesis for the treatment of back pain is increasing in the United States, as are criticism of the procedure and the study of available information on its outcomes. The concept of spinal arthrodesis is based on experience with other regions of the body in which arthrodesis has been used to treat painful joints by eliminating motion. Initially, spinal arthrodesis was used for the treatment of infectious conditions, deformity, and trauma of the spine. On the basis of these successful experiences and because of technical advances in imaging, operative procedures, implants, and bone-grafting, the indications for spinal arthrodesis have been expanded in an attempt to control pain attributed to abnormal or unstable motion between one vertebra and an adjacent vertebra or pain due to mechanical degeneration of the intervertebral disc.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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