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Rotation of the Clavicular Portion of the Pectoralis Major for Soft-Tissue Coverage of the Clavicle An Anatomical Study and Case Report*
G. R. Williams, M.D.†; K. Koffler, M.D.‡; M. Pepe, M.D.‡; K. Wong, M.D.‡; B. Chang, M.D.‡; d. M. Ramsey, M.D.
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Investigation performed at the Shoulder and Elbow Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
†Penn Orthopaedic Institute, 1 Cupp Pavilion, Presbyterian Hospital, 39th and Market Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104.
‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (K. K., M. P., K. W., and M. R.) and Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery (B. C.), University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Dec 01;82(12):1736-1736
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Background: The purposes of this study were to describe the anatomical features of a rotational flap consisting of the clavicular portion of the pectoralis major and to report the surgical technique and the outcome of use of this flap in a patient with poor soft-tissue coverage following multiple operations for a clavicular fracture complicated by nonunion and infection.

Methods: Ten shoulders from five cadavera were dissected to isolate the clavicular portion of the pectoralis major. The vascular pedicle, thoracoacromial artery, and axillary artery were identified, and the length of the vascular pedicle from the axillary artery to the muscle was measured. The angle of rotation of the flap about its intact clavicular origin was measured before and after division of the acromial branch of the thoracoacromial artery. The clavicular origin was then incised, and the overall length, width, and thickness of the muscle as well as the distance from each end of the muscle to the vascular pedicle were measured.

Results: The average length of the vascular pedicle from the axillary artery to the pectoralis muscle belly was 5.3 centimeters (range, 3.7 to 6.5 centimeters). The average maximum angle of rotation with the clavicular origin intact was 60 degrees (range, 55 to 67 degrees) before division of the acromial branch and 73 degrees (range, 65 to 82 degrees) after division. The average total length of the clavicular head was 20.2 centimeters (range, 18.0 to 23.0 centimeters). The average width of the clavicular head was 2.9 centimeters (range, 2.0 to 4.0 centimeters), and the average thickness was 0.5 centimeter (range, 0.2 to 0.7 centimeter). The vascular pedicle entered the muscle an average of 8.7 centimeters (range, 5.2 to 10.7 centimeters) lateral to the most medial extent of the muscle and an average of 11.5 centimeters (range, 9.5 to 14.0 centimeters) medial to the most lateral extent of the muscle. The rotational flap was successfully used clinically to provide soft-tissue coverage after bone-grafting and internal fixation of a clavicular nonunion that had been complicated by infection.

Conclusions: The clavicular head of the pectoralis major may be used as a local rotational flap to cover soft-tissue deficiencies over the clavicle. It can be harvested with relative ease without damaging the sternocostal head.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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