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Symposium   |    
Symposium - Recent Advances in Venous Thromboembolic Prophylaxis During and After Total Hip Replacement
EDUARDO A. SALVATI, M.D.*, NEW YORK; VINCENT D. PELLEGRINI, JR., M.D.†, HERSHEY; NIGEL E. SHARROCK, M.B., CH.B.*, NEW YORK; PAUL A. LOTKE, M.D.‡, PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA; DAVID W. MURRAY, F.R.C.S.§, OXFORD, ENGLAND; HOLLIS POTTER, M.D.*; GEOFFREY H. WESTRICH, M.D.*, NEW YORK, N.Y.
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Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association, Asheville, North Carolina, June 5, 1998.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Feb 01;82(2):252-70
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Extract

Total hip replacement is an operation that is particularly prone to thromboembolic complications with potentially life-threatening consequences. Johnson et al., in a series of 7959 total hip replacements performed between 1962 and 1973, reported that the overall prevalence of pulmonary embolism was 7.89 percent and that of fatal pulmonary embolism was 1.04 percent51,52. Similarly, in 1974, Coventry et al. reported an overall prevalence of pulmonary embolism of 2.2 percent in a series of 2012 consecutive total hip replacements16. In a subset of sixty-two patients who had received no prophylactic anticoagulation, the prevalence of fatal pulmonary embolism was 3.4 percent. However, the average duration of the operation was 2.4 hours, the average blood loss was 1650 milliliters, and the average volume of blood transfused was 1144 milliliters. Prophylactic anticoagulation with warfarin was started five days after the operation. Patients were managed with bed rest for an average of one week before walking was allowed, and they were discharged at an average of three weeks after the operation17.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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