0
Articles   |    
Simultaneous Femoral Osteotomy and Total Knee Arthroplasty for Treatment of Osteoarthritis Associated with Severe Extra-Articular Deformity*
JESS H. LONNER, M.D.†; JOHN M. SILISKI, M.D.‡; PAUL A. LOTKE, M.D.†, PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Mar 01;82(3):342-8
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: In the presence of large extra-articular deformity, complex imbalance of the collateral ligaments may result if standard techniques of soft-tissue releases and intra-articular bone resection are used during total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this paper is to review our experience with simultaneous corrective osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of severe extra-articular femoral deformity associated with ipsilateral osteoarthritis of the knee.

Methods: The results of simultaneous corrective osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty in eleven knees with osteoarthritis and associated extra-articular angular deformity of the femur were reviewed retrospectively. The femoral deformity resulted from fracture malunion in ten knees and from hypophosphatemic rickets in one. There were five primarily uniplanar deformities (four varus deformities and one antecurvatum deformity), five biplanar (varus and antecurvatum) deformities, and one triplanar (varus, antecurvatum, and internal rotation) deformity. Four knees were approached through a standard medial parapatellar arthrotomy and seven, through an anterolateral subvastus approach with an osteotomy of the tibial tubercle. The site of the femoral osteotomy was fixed with a blade-plate in seven patients, a press-fit long-stemmed femoral component in two, and a retrograde femoral nail in two. An extramedullary alignment system was utilized in eight patients, and intramedullary alignment was used in three.

Results: The duration of follow-up averaged forty-six months (range, twenty-six to eighty-eight months). According to the classification system of the Knee Society, the mean function score increased from 22 points preoperatively to 81 points at the time of follow-up and the mean knee score increased from 10 points preoperatively to 87 points at the time of follow-up. The mean flexion contracture decreased from 19 degrees preoperatively to 2 degrees at the time of follow-up. The arc of motion averaged 56 degrees (range, 30 to 75 degrees) preoperatively and 89 degrees (range, 65 to 115 degrees) at the time of follow-up. The mechanical alignment in the coronal plane was restored to within 2 degrees of normal in each patient. Ten femoral osteotomy sites healed, and one, in a patient treated with a press-fit long-stemmed femoral component, had not healed by the time of follow-up. All seven sites of the tibial tubercle osteotomies healed. There were no complete radiolucent lines at the prosthetic interfaces, and no total knee arthroplasty was revised. One patient had a nonfatal postoperative pulmonary embolism. As determined by clinical examination and the patients' assessment of function, no ligament imbalance was noted at the time of the most recent follow-up.

Conclusions: Simultaneous femoral osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty is a technically difficult but effective treatment for patients with severe femoral deformity associated with ipsilateral osteoarthritis of the knee. We recommend that the femoral osteotomy site be secured with a plate or a locked intramedullary nail, depending on the location of the deformity and the subsequent osteotomy.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    04/23/2014
    Massachusetts - UMass Memorial Medical Center
    02/05/2014
    Oregon - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research
    01/08/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center