0
Articles   |    
Displaced Scaphoid Fractures Treated with Open Reductio and Internal Fixation with a Cannulated Screw*
Thomas E. Trumble, M.D.†; Mary Gilbert, M.A.†; Lorne W. Murray, B.S.†; Jeffery Smith, M.D.†; Wren V. McCallister, M.D.†
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington
*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
†Department of Orthopaedics, University of Washington Medical Center, Box 356500, 1959 Pacific Street, Seattle, Washington 98195.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 May 01;82(5):633-633
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: This study was performed to determine if the accuracy of screw placement was improved with use of the Herbert-Whipple cannulated screw compared with use of the AO/ASIF cannulated screw and also to evaluate the functional results in patients with an acute displaced fracture of the waist of the scaphoid treated with open reduction and internal fixation with a cannulated screw.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the results for thirty-five patients in whom an acute displaced fracture of the waist of the scaphoid had been treated with internal fixation with use of a cannulated screw. The patients were divided into two groups; Group 1 consisted of nineteen patients managed with a 3.5-millimeter cannulated AO/ASIF screw from 1990 through 1997, and Group 2 consisted of sixteen patients managed with a Herbert-Whipple screw from 1993 through 1997.

Results: There were no clinical or radiographic differences between the two groups. The average time to union (and standard deviation), confirmed with tomography, was 4.2 ± 1.2 months for Group 1 and 4.0 ± 1.2 months for Group 2. Both screws significantly improved the alignment of the scaphoid and decreased carpal collapse (p < 0.01). Importantly, the use of either cannulated screw improved the height-to-length ratio and the lateral intrascaphoid angle, which were correlated with an increase in the range of motion of the wrist (r = 0.584 and 0.625). In addition, both screws allowed for accurate placement in the central portion of the proximal pole. Regardless of the type of screw used, the time to union increased with increasing age of the patient (r = 0.665) and with increasing initial displacement of the fracture (r = 0.541). Within both groups, the time to union was longer for the patients who smoked (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Within both groups, cannulated screw fixation maintained the corrected fracture alignment and promoted healing and return of function. Our study shows cannulated screws to be a safe and effective method of treatment.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/26/2014
    Massachusetts - Boston University Orthopedic Surgical Associates
    04/16/2014
    Georgia - Choice Care Occupational Medicine & Orthopaedics
    12/04/2013
    NY - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    03/17/2014
    CT - Orthopaedic Foundation